What is a mobile home park?
Vermont law defines a mobile home park as any parcel of land which contains, or is laid out or adapted to accommodate, more than two mobile homes. Contiguous parcels that contain a total of more than two mobile homes (or mobile home lots) are a mobile home park when they are owned or controlled by the same person. There are limited exceptions for seasonal parks and housing for farm employees.
Mobile Home Park Registry
2018 Annual Registration
All park owners are required to register their park(s) and pay lot fees annually on September 1. The Department compiles a registry list of parks and publishes a mobile home parks report every three years.
2018 Summary (Updated October 16, 2018)
- Number of completed park registrations: 225 of 241 parks
- Percent of registrations filed online: 90%
- Lot fees ($12 per occupied leased lot): $74,916
The Registry and Park Detail provide information on Vermont's mobile home parks. The Registry includes park address, park owner and manager contacts, lot count and vacant lots, and the lot rent. The Detail includes a five year history of lot rent increases.
2017 Mobile Home Park Registry - park address, contact information, lot availability, and rent
2017 Mobile Home Park Detail - 5 year lot rent history
The Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report provides an update on the status of mobile home parks in Vermont over a three-year period based on the findings and statistics of the annual registration, and includes the corresponding Registry List and Detail.
Mobile Home Park Risk Assessment Tool
Spreadsheet containing park registry data, flood hazards, water and wastewater and state permits, lot rent and vacancy changes. File will open in new window. Click Enable Editing to sort and filter. Includes 2017 registry data and public water supply violations for 2014 - 2016.
Risk Assessment Spreadsheet (.xlsx)
Email Mobile Home Park Update for any updates or corrections. Please include your name, MHP ID and name of park, and source of the information you are providing.
What are the laws governing mobile home parks?
The mobile home park law is found in Chapter 153 of Title 10 of the Vermont Statutes. DHCD is authorized to enforce this statute in court, impose administrative penalties of up to $5,000, or refer violations to the Attorney General or State’s Attorney.
The Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources regulates water and septic systems under Chapter 64 of Title 10, and public water systems that serve mobile home parks. Design, layout and general requirements for mobile home park development may be regulated by local zoning ordinances, and by Act 250 in some cases.
Is a mobile home the same as a "manufactured house"?
Under Vermont law the terms mobile home and manufactured home are used inter-changeably. Strictly speaking, homes built under the HUD-code since 1976 are correctly called "Manufactured Homes", while homes built before the HUD-code was established are commonly referred to as "mobile homes". Most people no longer use the term "trailer" when referring to this type of housing.
What is the average lot rent?
The state median lot rent for 2017 increased $9 to $334 per month from 2016. The median measures the midway point, meaning half the lots had rent higher than the median and half had lower rent. Rent varies greatly in different regions of the state and park to park. The median for nonprofit and resident owned (cooperative) parks for 2017 was $319.
Is there a limit on rent increases?
There is no cap on mobile home park lot rent or rent increases. Leaseholders can dispute an increase that is more than the "mediation percentage" of one percent above the annual change in "CPI-Housing", as determined by the Department. In 2018, 141 parks increased the monthly lot rent by an average of about $11 and two eligible increases were disputed and went to mediation.
For 2019 the mediation threshold is 3.9%.
Do most mobile home park residents own their home?
Yes, more than 90% of mobile homes in parks are owned by leaseholders, and approximately 9% are owned by the park owner. This "dual ownership" of owning a mobile home, but renting the lot from the park owner is one reason that the State has adopted laws to balance the rights of the park owner and the resident. In Vermont nearly 80% of all mobile homes are owner-occupied.
Who owns Vermont's mobile home parks?
Vermont has 13 resident-owned mobile home park cooperatives and 47 parks owned by nonprofit housing development organizations, with a total of 2,603 lots. This equals 25% of Vermont's mobile home parks and 36% of all mobile home park lots. Resident or nonprofit ownership often results in lower lot rent over time and in substantial investments in park improvements and can give residents more say in park management. The median lot rent of nonprofit and cooperative parks increased less than one percent from 2017 to 2018. The majority of Vermont's mobile home parks are owned privately.
How many Vermonters live in mobile homes?
In 2015 there were an estimated 18,860 occupied mobile homes in Vermont; including mobile homes on their own land and in mobile home parks. In total, mobile homes equal 7.4% of all occupied housing units in Vermont. About 6,700 mobile homes are located in mobile home parks.
Why do mobile home parks close?
Three quarters of Vermont's mobile home park lots are in parks that were built more than 40 years ago before most state permits and local zoning. Some of the reasons parks have closed include water or septic problems that it was unfeasible to repair, sale of the property for development or change of use, or because the owner decided to retire, or sell the property. In a few cases, parks were sub-divided into individual lots that were sold to the mobile home owners. Flooding in 2011 damaged 17 parks, destroyed more than 125 mobile homes in those parks, and caused two of the flooded parks, with 6 and 11 lots each, to close.
Park closure can cause considerable hardship for those affected. Vermont has adopted laws providing 18 months' advance notice of any park or lot closure, and in certain cases requiring the owner to offer the park for sale to the residents before closing.
Are any new parks being built?
Eighteen new mobile home parks with a combined total of 214 lots have been built in Vermont since 1990. Three of these new parks were built by non-profit housing organizations to provide affordable housing in Brattleboro, Rutland, and Williamstown. Sometimes existing mobile home parks have also been expanded.
Are there any lots available?
The statewide vacancy rate in 2017 was 5.2%, however, six out of ten mobile home parks reported no vacant lots.
For information on available mobile home park lots see our page of nonprofit and resident-owned mobile home parks and park registry listing.