What is a mobile home park?
Vermont law defines a mobile home park as having more than two mobile homes or mobile home lots. There are limited exceptions for seasonal parks and housing for farm employees.
Mobile Home Park Registry
Mobile home park owners are required to register their park(s) with the Department and pay lot fees annually on September 1. The lot fee is $12 per occupied leased lot.
2019 Registration (Last update 10/9/2019)
Parks registered: 218 out of 238
Lot fees: $73,992
2018 Summary Sheet - park and vacant lot count, median rent, county data
2018 Mobile Home Park Registry - park address, contact information, lot availability, lot rent
2018 Mobile Home Park Detail - 5 year lot rent history, services
The Registry and Mobile Home Parks Reports provide an update on the status of mobile home parks in Vermont over a three-year period based on the findings and statistics of the annual registration, and include the corresponding Registry List and Detail.
Mobile Home Park Risk Assessment Tool
Spreadsheet containing park registry data, flood hazards, water and wastewater and state permits, lot rent and vacancy changes. File will open in new window. Click Enable Editing to sort and filter. Recent update with 2018 registry information, public water supply violations for 2015 - 2017, and water source for parks with municipal water.
Risk Analysis Tables (.xlsx)
Email Mobile Home Park Update for any updates or corrections. Please include your name, MHP ID and name of park, and source of the information you are providing.
What are the laws governing mobile home parks?
The mobile home park law is found in Chapter 153 of Title 10 of the Vermont Statutes. DHCD is authorized to enforce this statute in court, impose administrative penalties of up to $5,000, or refer violations to the Attorney General or State’s Attorney.
The Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources regulates water and septic systems under Chapter 64 of Title 10, and public water systems that serve mobile home parks. Design, layout and general requirements for mobile home park development may be regulated by local zoning ordinances, and by Act 250 in some cases.
Is a mobile home the same as a "manufactured house"?
Under Vermont law the terms mobile home and manufactured home are used inter-changeably. Strictly speaking, homes built under the HUD-code since 1976 are correctly called "Manufactured Homes", while homes built on a permanent chassis before the HUD-code was established are commonly referred to as "mobile homes". Most people no longer use the term "trailer" when referring to this type of housing.
The term "mobile home" is often considered a misnomer because most mobile/manufactured homes are not moved after the first time they are set up for residential occupancy. In Vermont, only about one percent of mobile homes in parks are moved in any year.
What is the average lot rent?
In 2018, the median monthly lot rent was $340 per month. The median measures the midway point, meaning half the lots had rent higher than the median and half had lower rent. Rents can varies greatly in different regions of the state and park to park.
On average, lot rent at nonprofit and cooperative parks is less than other parks. In 2018 the median lot rent for nonprofit and cooperative parks was $322.
Is there a limit on rent increases?
There is no cap on mobile home park lot rent or rent increases, but leaseholders can dispute any increase that is more than the "mediation percentage" of one percent above the annual change in "CPI-Housing", as determined by the Department. For 2020 the mediation threshold is 3.8%.
In 2019, 133 parks increased the monthly lot rent by an average of about $15 and five eligible increases were disputed and went to mediation.
Do most mobile home park residents own their home?
Yes, more than 90% of mobile homes in parks are owned by leaseholders, and approximately 9% are owned by the park owner. This "dual ownership" of owning a mobile home, but renting the lot from the park owner is one reason that the State has adopted laws to balance the rights of the park owner and the resident. In Vermont nearly 80% of all mobile homes are owner-occupied.
Who owns Vermont's mobile home parks?
The majority of Vermont's mobile home parks are owned privately, but increasingly parks are converting to resident-owned cooperatives - or ROC's. Since 2011, 13 MHPs have converted to ROC's in Vermont. Vermont has a total of 17 cooperatively owned mobile home parks and 47 parks owned by nonprofit housing development organizations, with a total of 3,095 lots. This equals more than 26% of Vermont's mobile home parks and 44% of all mobile home park lots in the state.
How many Vermonters live in mobile homes?
In 2017 there were an estimated 19,094 occupied mobile homes in Vermont with 14,491 owner households and 4,603 renter households, meaning approximately 44,642 Vermonters lived in mobile homes in 2017. Mobile homes make up about 7.2% of residential housing units in Vermont. (Source: HousingData.org) Almost 6,700 or just over one-third of Vermont's mobile homes are located in mobile home parks.
Why do mobile home parks close?
Three quarters of Vermont's mobile home park lots are in parks that were built more than 40 years ago before most state permits and local zoning. Some of the reasons parks have closed include water or septic problems that were unfeasible to repair, sale of the property for development or change of use, or because the owner decided to retire, or sell the land. Lots in parks that are subdivided into individual lots can be sold to the mobile home owner renting that lot. Flooding in 2011 damaged 17 parks, destroyed more than 125 mobile homes in those parks, and caused two of the flooded parks, with 6 and 11 lots each, to close.
Park closure can cause considerable hardship for those affected. Vermont has adopted laws providing 18 months' advance notice of any park or lot closure, and in certain cases requiring the owner to offer the park for sale to the residents before closing.
Are any new parks being built?
Eighteen new mobile home parks with a combined total of 214 lots have been built in Vermont since 1990, but only three new parks with a total of 20 lots have been built since 2000. Three of the new mobile home parks that were built in the early 1990's were constructed by non-profit housing organizations to provide affordable housing in Brattleboro, Rutland, and Williamstown. Sometimes existing mobile home parks have also been expanded.
Are there any lots available?
The statewide vacancy rate for 2018 was 5.1%, however, six out of ten mobile home parks reported no vacant lots.
For information on available mobile home park lots see our page of nonprofit and resident-owned mobile home parks and park registry listing.