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Mobile Home Facts and Park Registry

New Mobile HomeWhat is a mobile home park? Vermont law defines a mobile home park as any property with more than two mobile homes or mobile home lots. There are limited exceptions for seasonal parks and housing for farm workers.

Mobile Home Park Registry

Mobile home park owners are required to register their park(s) with the Department annually on September 1st and pay a registration fee of $12 per occupied leased lot.

2022 Registrations Submitted
Parks registered: 226
Lot fees: $77,304

Registry Lists

2021 Mobile Home Park Registry - park address, contact information, lot availability, lot rent
2021 Mobile Home Park Detail - 5-year lot rent history, services

2021 Quick Facts - parks and vacant lots, county data, lot rent increases 

2020 Mobile Home Park Registry 
2020 Mobile Home Park Detail 

2019 Mobile Home Park Registry (Included in 2019 Mobile Home Parks Report below)
2019 Mobile Home Park Detail 

2018 Mobile Home Park Registry 
2018 Mobile Home Park Detail

2017 Mobile Home Park Registry 
2017 Mobile Home Park Detail 

Registry and Mobile Home Parks Reports - periodic report that provides an update on the status of mobile home parks in Vermont over a three-year period based on the findings and statistics of the annual registration, and includes the corresponding Registry List of Parks.

2019 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report 
2016 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report 
2013 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report 
2010 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report 
2007 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report 

Mobile Home Park Risk Assessment Tool 

The risk assessment tool provides comprehensive information about mobile home parks in an Excel spreadsheet and includes selected park registry data, flood hazard information, water and wastewater systems, state permits and water system violations, and lot rent increase and vacancies. File will open in new window. Click Enable Editing to sort and filter. Change browser settings to open in Excel.

Updated with 2021 registration data, 2019 - 2020 public water supply violations, and municipal water source.

Risk Analysis Tables (.xlsx) * last update 1/18/2022

Email Mobile Home Park Update for any updates or corrections. Please include your name, MHP ID and name of park, and source of the information you are providing.

Frequently Asked Questions 

This section answers commonly asked questions about mobile homes and the laws governing mobile home parks. Included in this section:

What are the laws governing mobile home parks?

The mobile home park law is found in Chapter 153 of Title 10 of the Vermont Statutes. The Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) is authorized to enforce this statute in court, impose administrative penalties of up to $5,000, or refer violations to the Attorney General or State’s Attorney.

The Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources regulates water and septic systems under Chapter 64 of Title 10. This includes public water systems that serve mobile home parks. In addition, design, layout, and general requirements for mobile home park development may be regulated by local zoning ordinances and by Act 250 in some cases.

Is a mobile home the same as a "manufactured house"?

Under Vermont law, the terms mobile home and manufactured home are used interchangeably. Strictly speaking, homes built under the HUD code since 1976 are correctly called "Manufactured Homes." While homes built on a permanent chassis before the HUD code was established are commonly referred to as "Mobile Homes." The term "trailer" is no longer used when referring to this type of housing.

The term "mobile home" is often considered a misnomer because most mobile/manufactured homes are not moved after the first time they are set up for residential occupancy. For example, in Vermont, only about one percent of mobile homes in parks are moved in any year. 

More information about the difference between mobile, manufactured, and modular homes can be found on HUD's website

What is the average lot rent? 

In 2021, the median monthly lot rent was $360. The median measures the midway point, meaning half of all mobile home park lots in the state had rent higher than the median, and half had rent lower than the median. Rents vary in different regions of the state and park to park.

Is there a limit on rent increases?

There is no cap on mobile home park lot rent or rent increases. However, leaseholders can dispute any increase above the "mediation threshold." The mediation threshold is one percent above the annual change in the Consumer Price Index - Housing. For 2023 the mediation percent is 8.8%. Mobile home park owners are required to use the Department's "Notice of Mobile Home Park Lot Rent Increase" form and provide at least 60 days' notice in advance of the increase. 

In 2021, 109 parks increased the monthly lot rent by an average of about $12, and one eligible increase was disputed and went to mediation.

Do most mobile home park residents own their home? 

Almost 90% of mobile homes in parks are owned by the resident. The "dual ownership" of owning a home but renting the land it sits on is one of the reasons the State has adopted laws to balance the rights of park owners and residents.

Who owns Vermont's mobile home parks?

Private for-profit investors own the majority of Vermont's mobile home parks. Since 2011, 16 Mobile Home Parks have converted to resident-owned cooperatives - or ROCs. Since Vermont's notice and opportunity to purchase law was enacted in 1989, nonprofit housing agencies have acquired or built 47 mobile home parks. In total, Vermont has 67 mobile home parks owned by cooperatives and nonprofits, with a total of 3,440 lots. This equals more than 28% of Vermont's mobile home parks and 48% of all mobile home lots in the state.

How many Vermonters live in mobile homes?

In 2017 there were an estimated 19,094 occupied mobile homes in Vermont, with 14,491 owner households and 4,603 renter households, meaning approximately 44,642 Vermonters lived in mobile homes at this time. Mobile homes make up about 7.2% of residential housing units in Vermont (Source: Almost 6,700, or just over one-third of Vermont's mobile homes, are located in mobile home parks.

Why do mobile home parks close?

Many of Vermont's mobile home parks were built more than 50 years ago before most state permits, and local zoning laws were in effect. Some of the reasons parks have closed include water or septic problems that were unfeasible to repair, the sale of the property for development or change of use, or because the owner decided to retire or sell the land. Flooding in 2011 damaged 17 parks, destroyed more than 125 mobile homes in those parks, and caused two of the flooded parks, with 6 and 11 lots each, to close. 

Park closure can cause considerable hardship for those affected. As a result, Vermont has adopted laws providing 18 months' advance notice of any park or lot closure and, in some cases requiring the owner to offer the park for sale to the residents before closing. 

Are any new parks being built?

Eighteen new mobile home parks with a combined total of 214 lots have been built in Vermont since 1990. Only three of these, with a total of 20 lots, were built since 2000. Non-profit housing organizations constructed three new mobile home parks built in the early 1990s to provide affordable housing in Brattleboro, Rutland, and Williamstown. Existing mobile home parks have also been expanded.

Are there any lots available?

The statewide vacancy rate for 2021 was 4.8%. However, six of ten mobile home parks continue reporting no vacant lots.

For information on available mobile home park lots, see our page of nonprofit and resident-owned mobile home parks and park registry listing.