Visit our homeowner resource page for information about financing, down payment assistance, and mobile home repair loans and services.
Vermont Statutes and Rules Protect Residents
Through a written lease and Vermont law, mobile home park residents are entitled to parks that are safe, clean, and habitable, including: adequate and reliable utility services; safe electrical service; potable water and connection to a properly functioning septic system or sewer; and safe roads, common areas and facilities.
You are also entitled to:
- A written lease that is reasonable and fair. If you ask your park owner for a copy of your current lease, he/she must give you one.
- To not be discriminated against in the purchase or rental of your home or rental of a lot.
- Proper notice 60 days in advance of any rent increase. Lot rent increases must be on the Department's form.
- Dispute any lot rent increase that is more than the mediation percentage for the year (3.1% for 2021).
- Peaceful enjoyment of your home and the park.
- Privacy from improper entry onto your lot by the park owner without notice.
- The right to sell or rent your mobile home to someone else in place.
- Return of your security deposit without deductions that are not allowed by law.
- Notice before the park owner starts an eviction (in most cases).
- Not to be evicted without cause, such as nonpayment of rent or substantial lease violation, and only by court order.
- Proper notice of the park owner's intention to sell or close the park.
The Department contracts with the Champlain Valley Office of Economic Opportunity (CVOEO) Mobile Home Program to provide support services to mobile home park residents throughout Vermont. If you are experiencing any problems or have a question call (802) 660-3455 ext. 204. Visit their website for more resources including the Guide to Your Rights booklet.
If you have received an eviction notice or any notice from the Court, get legal advice immediately. If you need help finding a lawyer visit Vermont Law Help.
Forms for Buying or Selling a Mobile Home
You are required to notify the park owner and town clerk at least 21 days before selling your mobile home in the park by providing them a copy of the proposed (completed but not signed) uniform mobile home bill of sale, and give the buyer's name and address to the park owner by certified mail. If the park owner determines that the buyer does not qualify, then you may not sell the home to them.
Form required by Act 140, 9 V.S.A. Section 2602. A Mobile Home Uniform Bill of Sale is required to sell or transfer ownership of a mobile home, except mobile homes financed with a mortgage as real property. You will also need to complete a Vermont Property Transfer Tax Return (in most cases).
Property Transfer Tax Return, PT-172
Online or contact the Vermont Department of Taxes at (802) 828-5860
Rent to Own
Under Vermont law, "rent to own" is not allowed for mobile homes. A mobile home may be sold with a rent-to-own or lease-purchase agreement. However, ownership of the mobile home only transfers if 1) the buyer and seller execute a Retail Installment Sales Contract that complies with 9 VSA Chapter 59; and 2) complete, execute, endorse, and file a Mobile Home Uniform Bill of Sale with the Town Clerk. Without both of these documents, the agreement is considered a residential lease and the "buyer" stays a renter, and importantly, retains all of the rights and protections of Vermont landlord-tenant law and rental housing codes.
Mobile Home Retail Installment Disclosure:
Banking Bulletin #41
If you are buying a mobile home from a retail seller you may be eligible for a loan with a lower interest rate, and/or less expensive financing costs, points or fees from another lender. This bulletin provides guidance on the form, content, and timing of the disclosures required by 9 V.S.A. § 2603 and includes a model form of the Mobile Home Retail Installment Contract Disclosure required by 9 V.S.A. § 2603(e).
Available Mobile Home Park Lots
You need the park owner's permission to rent a lot or mobile home and live in a park. See which parks have available lots on the Department's list of nonprofit and cooperative (resident owned) communities or the annual Registry of Mobile Home Parks.
Installation and Set up of MH's
All new manufactured homes set up in Vermont must be installed per U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) regulations. As of May 1, 2016, this means they must be installed by a HUD licensed installer on an approved foundation, and have been inspected by a qualified inspector before occupancy. In most cases new MH's require a frost protected concrete slab. Tie-downs and anchors are also required for new manufactured homes constructed since October 20, 2008. The State of Vermont does not regulate installation and set up of manufactured or mobile homes, however it is still important to check with your town officials for any local requirements.
Heating Fuel Tanks
A spill or leak from a heating fuel tank can cause an environmental hazard and cost thousands of dollars to clean up. The Above Ground Storage Tank Rules require an inspection at least once every three years, and cause fuel tanks to be "red tagged" if they do not meet specific standards; meaning that no heating fuel will be allowed to be delivered to the tank until it's repaired or replaced.
If you have a heating fuel tank that needs to be replaced you may be eligible for a grant from the State's Waste Management Division of up to $2,000 for removal, replacement, or upgrade of your above ground residential heating oil tank, or no more than $4,000 if your tank is under ground, depending on the type of tank and other factors. Contact the Waste Management and Prevention Division for information and income eligibility. If you do not receive a grant from DEC, you might be eligible for a $250 rebate from the Vermont Fuel Dealers Association (The rebate program will end Oct. 31, 2020 or when funds are exhausted)
HUD Code for Manufactured Housing
Manufactured homes are built to pre-emptive federal standards of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These standards are referred to as the "HUD code". The State of Vermont does not regulate the construction or installation of manufactured or mobile homes. If you have a question or a problem related to the purchase or installation of a new manufactured home, contact HUD's Manufactured Housing Office or the Vermont Attorney General's Consumer Assistance Program.
Under Vermont law the term mobile home and manufactured home are used interchangeably.
- For issues related to new manufactured homes (i.e. cracks in walls and/or ceilings; centerline floor uneven, plumbing and electrical issues, etc.) but not including cosmetic issues or installation
- Administered by HUD for Vermont homeowners
- May provide corrective action of safety related defects that occured during manufacturing
- Consumers should contact the retailer or manufacturer first
- For defects in new manufactured homes (excluding cosmetic or contractual issues) or with the retailer, manufacturer, or installer that are reported within one year of installation
- Available to manufacturers, retailers, installers, and consumers in Vermont
- Administered by HUD for Vermont manufacturers, retailers, installers, and consumers
- Consumers should contact the retailer, manufacturer or installer first