The State Archaeology program within Vermont Division for Historic Preservation encourages recognition and preservation of prehistoric, historic, and cultural sites that are an important link with our shared past. Archaeological sites contain the irreplaceable evidence to reconstruct the past. These sites are the only record of Vermont’s early inhabitants, preserving stories of exploration and war, trade and exchange, settlement and subsistence, industry and commerce, tourism, transportation, and the unwritten tales of minority communities. Vermont’s archaeological sites provide clues to environments, landscapes and climatic changes, and the ways in which Native people and Early European settlers successfully adapted to such changes or failed to adapt. Hundreds of prehistoric cultures have been identified in Vermont, most of them discoverable only through archaeological methods.
In Vermont, historic archaeology begins in 1609, the year that Samuel de Champlain first explored the lake that would come to bear his name. Prehistoric archaeology incorporates everything earlier, and extends back in time for at least 13,000 years to the earliest human inhabitation of what is now Vermont.
Experience these stories and see the recovered artifacts at the Vermont Archaeology Heritage Center (VAHC) in Barre. Operated by the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, VAHC serves as the central warehouse for the artifacts and archives of Vermont’s past. This center is open to the public for exploration of 13,000 years of history through exhibits, workshops, and lectures.
VAHC is open every Tuesday and Thursday from 9 am to 4 pm or by appointment. Please contact our State Archaeologist firstname.lastname@example.org to schedule a research appointment or school visit.
Preserving Unmarked Burials - Burial sites have special protections. Vermont state law prohibits disturbance of burial sites of any kind, even on private land. This includes unmarked burials as well as those marked with memorial stones.
Online Library about Vermont’s past:
Vermont Archaeology Frequently Asked Questions
4500 Years at Gordons Landing - Archaeology at the Grand Isle Fish Hatchery
Power and Petersen 1984 Seasons of Prehistory 4,000 Years at the Winooski Site
An Archaeological Review of Vermont's Past
Archaeology at the Lucius Lathrop Site - Cambridge Vermont
Lake Champlain Voyages of Discovery: Bringing History Home
Powerful History: The Archaeology of Native Peoples in the Champlain Lowlands
An Introduction to Vermont Archaeology: Native American Archaeological Sites and the Chittenden County Circumferential Highway
Stewardship Guide for Historic and Archaeological Resources on Forest Lands
Stonewalls & Cellarholes
From Copperas to Cleanup
The 2011 Report on the Unmarked Burial Sites Treatment Plan Committee
Vermont's Stone Chambers: An Inquiry Into Their Past
Jess Robinson, State Archaeologist
Scott Dillon, Survey Archaeologist
Yvonne Benney Basque, Historic Resources Specialist