Visit our homeowner resource page for information about financing and mobile home repair loans and services.
Notice: Revised Above Ground Storage Tank Rules that went into effect on August 15, 2017 may impact your fuel company's ability to fill your heating fuel tank. See Heating Fuel Tanks below for more information.
Vermont Statutes and Rules Protect Residents
Through a written lease and Vermont law, mobile home park residents are entitled to parks that are safe, clean, and habitable, including: adequate and reliable utility services; safe electrical service; potable water and connection to a properly functioning septic system or sewer; and safe roads, common areas and facilities.
You are also entitled to:
- A written lease that is reasonable and fair. If you ask your park owner for a copy of your current lease, he/she must give you one.
- To not be discriminated against in the rental of your home or lot.
- Proper notice 60 days in advance of any rent increase. Lot rent increases must be on the Department's form.
- Dispute any lot rent increase that is more than the mediation threshold for the year (3.9% for 2018).
- Peaceful enjoyment of your home and the park.
- Privacy from improper entry onto your lot by the park owner without notice.
- The right to sell or rent your mobile home to someone else in place.
- Return of your security deposit without deductions that are not allowed by law.
- Notice before the park owner starts an eviction (in most cases).
- Not to be evicted without cause, such as nonpayment of rent or substantial lease violation, and only by court order.
- Proper notice of the park owner's intention to sell or close the park.
The Department contracts with the Champlain Valley Office of Economic Opportunity (CVOEO) Mobile Home Program to provide support services to mobile home residents throughout Vermont. If you are experiencing any problems or have a question call (802) 660-3455 ext. 204.
If you have received an eviction notice or any notice from the Court, get legal advice immediately. If you need help finding a lawyer visit Vermont Law Help.
Forms for Buying or Selling a Mobile Home
Form required by Act 140, 9 V.S.A. Section 2602. A Mobile Home Uniform Bill of Sale is required to sell or transfer ownership of a mobile home, except mobile homes financed with a mortgage as real property. You will also need to complete a Vermont Property Transfer Tax Return (in most cases).
Rent to Own
Under Vermont law, "rent to own" is not allowed for mobile homes. A mobile home may be sold with a rent-to-own or lease-purchase agreement. However, ownership of the mobile home only transfers if 1) the buyer and seller execute a Retail Installment Sales Contract that complies with 9 VSA Chapter 59; and 2) complete, execute, endorse, and file a Mobile Home Uniform Bill of Sale with the Town Clerk. Without both of these documents, the agreement is considered a residential lease and the "buyer" stays a renter, and importantly, retains all of the rights and protections of Vermont landlord-tenant law and rental housing codes.
Property Transfer Tax Return, PT-172
Online or contact the Vermont Department of Taxes at (802) 828-5860
Mobile Home Retail Installment Disclosure:
Banking Bulletin #41
If you are buying a mobile home from a retail seller you may be eligible for a loan with a lower interest rate, and/or less expensive financing costs, points or fees from another lender. This bulletin provides guidance on the form, content, and timing of the disclosures required by 9 V.S.A. § 2603 and includes a model form of the Mobile Home Retail Installment Contract Disclosure required by 9 V.S.A. § 2603(e).
Available Mobile Home Park Lots
You need the park owner's permission to rent a lot or mobile home and live in a park. See which parks have available lots on the Department's list of nonprofit and cooperative (resident owned) communities or the annual Registry of Mobile Home Parks.
Slabs and Installation Questions
There is no State of Vermont law requiring pads for manufactured or mobile homes. However, all new manufactured homes set up in Vermont must be installed per U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) regulations. As of May 1, 2016, any new manufactured home must be installed by a HUD licensed installer using an approved foundation design, and be inspected by a qualified inspector before occupancy. Tie-downs and anchors have been required for new manufactured homes constructed after October 20, 2008. Some Vermont municipalities may require foundations.
Heating Fuel Tanks
A spill or leak from a heating fuel tank can cause an environmental hazard and cost thousands of dollars to clean up. New rules that went into effect on August 15, 2017 require an inspection at least once every three years, and cause fuel tanks to be "red tagged" if they do not meet specific standards; meaning that no heating fuel will be allowed to be delivered to the tank until it's repaired or replaced.
Vermont Fuel Dealers Association - http://vermontfuel.com/tank/regs.html
Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation - http://dec.vermont.gov/waste-management/storage-tanks
If you have a heating fuel tank that needs to be replaced you may be eligible for a grant from the State's Waste Management Division of up to $2,000 for removal, replacement, or upgrade of your above ground residential heating oil tank, or no more than $4,000 if your tank is under ground, depending on the type of tank and other factors. Contact the Waste Management and Prevention Division for information and income eligibility.
HUD Code for Manufactured Housing
Manufactured homes are built to pre-emptive federal standards of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These standards are referred to as the "HUD code". The State of Vermont does not regulate the construction or installation of manufactured homes. If you have a question or a problem related to the purchase or installation of a new manufactured home, contact HUD's Manufactured Housing Office or the Vermont Attorney General's Consumer Assistance Program.
(Under Vermont law the term mobile home and manufactured home are used interchangeably.)
- For issues related to new manufactured homes (i.e. cracks in walls and/or ceilings; centerline floor uneven, plumbing and electrical issues, etc.) but not including cosmetic issues or installation
- Administered by HUD for Vermont homeowners
- May provide corrective action of safety related defects that occured during manufacturing
- Consumers should contact the retailer or manufacturer first
- For defects in new manufactured homes (excluding cosmetic or contractual issues) or with the retailer, manufacturer, or installer that are reported within one year of installation
- Available to manufacturers, retailers, installers, and consumers in Vermont
- Administered by HUD for Vermont manufacturers, retailers, installers, and consumers
- Consumers should contact the retailer, manufacturer or installer first