What is a mobile home park?
Vermont law defines a mobile home park as any parcel of land which contains, or is laid out or adapted to accommodate more than two mobile homes. Contiguous parcels that contain a total of more than two mobile homes (or mobile home lots) are a mobile home park when they are owned or controlled by the same person. There are limited exceptions for seasonal parks and housing for farm employees.
Mobile Home Park Registry
2017 registrations (thru 10/12/2017)
- Number of completed park registrations: 220
- Percent of registrations completed online: 88%
- Number of registered lots: 6,764
- Number of vacant lots reported: 353 (5.2%)
- Lot fees ($12 per occupied leased lot): $74,256
- The 2017 Registration is in progress, please check back later
The Registry and Detail Reports provide information on all of Vermont's mobile home parks. Information provided on the Registry includes park address, park owner and manager contacts, vacant lots, and lot rent as of October 1st annually. Detail report includes five year history of lot rent increases, and services.
2016 Registry List of Mobile Home Parks - includes park contact information, lot availability and rent
2016 Detail List of Mobile Home Parks - includes 5 year lot rent history and services
The Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report provides an update on the status of mobile home parks in Vermont based on the findings and statistics of the annual registration.
2007 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report (includes Registry and Detail)
2010 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report (includes Registry and Detail)
2013 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report (includes Registry and Detail)
2016 Registry Data and Public Water System Violations Recently Updated. Excel spreadsheet showing mobile home parks' flood and river corridor hazard status, infrastructure and permit data, rent and vacancy changes, and mobile home park registration summary. File will open in new window. Click Enable Editing to allow mobile home parks to be sorted and filtered by user. Public water system violations updated for 2014 - 2016.
Email Mobile Home Park Update for any updates or corrections. Please include your name, MHP ID and name of park, and source of the information you are providing.
What are the laws governing mobile home parks?
The mobile home park law is found in Chapter 153 of Title 10 of the Vermont Statutes. DHCD is authorized to enforce this statute in court, impose administrative penalties of up to $5,000, or refer violations to the Attorney General or State’s Attorney.
The Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources regulates water and septic systems under Chapter 64 of Title 10, and public water systems that serve mobile home parks. Design, layout and general requirements for mobile home park development may be regulated by local zoning ordinances, and by Act 250 in some cases.
Is a mobile home the same as a "manufactured house"?
Under Vermont law the terms mobile home and manufactured home are used inter-changeably.
Why do mobile home parks close?
Three quarters of Vermont's mobile home park lots are in parks that were built more than 40 years ago before most state permits and local zoning. Some of the reasons parks have closed include water or septic problems that it was unfeasible to repair, sale of the property for development or change of use, or because the owner decided to retire, or sell the property. In a few cases, parks were sub-divided into individual lots that were sold to the mobile home owners.
Flooding in 2011 damaged 17 parks, destroyed more than 125 mobile homes in those parks, and caused two of the flooded parks, with 6 and 11 lots each, to close.
Park closure can be very disruptive to the affected families which is why Vermont has adopted laws providing 18 months advance notice of park closure, and in certain cases requiring the owner to offer the park for sale to the residents before closing.
Are any new parks being built?
Seventeen new mobile home parks with a combined total of 208 lots have been built in Vermont since 1990. Three of these new parks were built by non-profit housing organizations to provide affordable housing in Brattleboro, Rutland, and Williamstown. Sometimes existing mobile home parks have also been expanded.
Are there any lots available?
The statewide vacancy rate in 2016 was 5.1%. More than half of Vermont's mobile home parks reported no vacant lots.
For information on available mobile home park lots see our page of nonprofit and resident-owned mobile home parks and park registry listing.
What is the average lot rent?
The State Median Lot Rent for 2016 was $325 per month. The median measures the midway point, meaning half of all lots have higher rent and half have lower rent. The median lot rent of nonprofit and cooperatively owned parks was $309. Rent varies greatly in different regions of the state and park to park.
Is there a limit on rent increases?
There is no cap on mobile home park lot rent or rent increases. However, leaseholders can dispute proposed increases that exceed the "mediation threshold" of one percent above the annual change in "CPI-Housing", as determined by the Department. In 2016, 145 parks increased the monthly lot rent by an average of about $10. Out of those, 37 were eligible for mediation and two were challenged. For 2018 the mediation threshold is 3.9%.
Do most mobile home park residents own their home?
Mobile homes are considered one of the most affordable sources of home ownership. In Vermont, 91% of mobile homes in parks are owned by leaseholders, and less than 9% are owned by the park owner. This "dual ownership" of owning a mobile home, but renting the lot from the park owner is one reason that the State has adopted laws to balance the rights of the park owner and the resident. In Vermont nearly 80% of all mobile homes are owner-occupied.
Are any mobile home parks owned by the residents?
Eleven Vermont mobile home parks are owned by their residents through cooperative housing corporations; and 47 are owned by nonprofit housing organizations. More than one-third of mobile home lots in parks in Vermont are owned by nonprofits and resident owned cooperatives. Purchase of a park by a nonprofit or cooperative often results in reduced lot rent increases over time, and in substantial investments in park improvements. Nonprofit and cooperative ownership gives residents more say in park management and removes the fear of a future sale of the park. No nonprofit or cooperative park has been closed.
How many Vermonters live in mobile homes?
In 2015 there were an estimated 18,860 occupied mobile homes in Vermont; including mobile homes on their own land and in mobile home parks. In total, mobile homes equal 7.4% of all occupied housing units in Vermont. About 6,700 mobile homes are located in mobile home parks.