What is a mobile home park?
Vermont law defines a mobile home park as any parcel of land which contains, or is laid out or adapted to accommodate more than two mobile homes. Contiguous parcels that contain a total of more than two mobile homes (or mobile home lots) are a mobile home park when they are owned or controlled by the same person. There are limited exceptions for seasonal parks and housing for farm employees.
2016 Mobile Home Park Information (registrations thru 1/25/2016)
- Number of completed park registrations 238
- Number of registered lots 7,059
- Number of vacant lots reported 352; 5.0%
- History of parks, lots, vacancy, median rent; 2016 county vacancy and rents, rent increases
The Registry and Detail Reports provide information on all of Vermont's mobile home parks. Information provided on the Registry includes park address, park owner and manager contacts, vacant lots, and lot rent as of October 1st annually. Detail report includes five year history of lot rent increases, and services.
2016 Registry List of Mobile Home Parks
2016 Detail List of Mobile Home Parks
The Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report provides an update on the status of mobile home parks in Vermont based on the findings and statistics of the annual registration.
2007 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report (including registry and detail list)
2010 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report (including registry and detail list)
2013 Registry and Mobile Home Parks Report (including registry and detail list)
Excel spreadsheet showing mobile home parks' flood and river corridor hazard status, infrastructure and permit data, rent and vacancy changes, and mobile home park registration summary. File will open in new window. Click Enable Editing to allow mobile home parks to be sorted and filtered by user. Recent update January 3, 2017; public water system violations from 2013 - 2015.
Email Mobile Home Park Update for any updates or corrections. Please include your name, MHP ID and name of park, and source of the information you are providing.
What are the laws governing mobile home parks?
The mobile home park law is found in Chapter 153 of Title 10 of the Vermont Statutes. DHCD is authorized to enforce this statute in court, impose administrative penalties of up to $5,000, or refer violations to the Attorney General or State’s Attorney.
The Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources regulates water and septic systems under Chapter 64 of Title 10, and public water systems that serve mobile home parks. Design, layout and general requirements for mobile home park development may be regulated by local zoning ordinances, and by Act 250 in some cases.
Is a mobile home the same as a "manufactured house"?
Under Vermont law the terms mobile home and manufactured home are used inter-changeably.
Why do mobile home parks close?
Three fourths of Vermont's mobile home park lots are in parks that are over 40 years old, while few new mobile home parks have been built. In many cases of park closure, the reason was due to water or septic problems. Others close because the owner wants to use the land for some other purpose, retire, or sell the property.
Flooding in 2011 damaged 17 parks, destroyed more than 125 mobile homes in those parks, and caused two of the flooded parks to close. In total, more than 40 mobile home park lots were closed as a result of the flooding. In 2015, a defunct 14-lot mobile home park in Waltham, Vermont was cleared and redeveloped as affordable rental housing with seven duplex style energy efficient modular homes.
Are any new parks being built?
Since 1990, 17 new mobile home parks with a combined total of 208 lots have been built. Three of these new parks were built by non-profit housing organizations to provide affordable housing in Brattleboro, Rutland, and Williamstown.
Are there any lots available?
The statewide vacancy rate in 2016 was 5.1%. More than half of Vermont's mobile home parks have no vacant lots.
For information on available mobile home park lots visit our list of nonprofit and resident-owned mobile home parks.
What is the average lot rent?
The State Median Lot Rent for 2016 was $325 per month. The median measures the midway point, meaning half of all lots have higher rent and half have lower rent. The median lot rent of nonprofit and cooperatively owned parks was $309. Rent varies greatly from park to park.
Is there a limit on rent increases?
There is no cap on mobile home park lot rent or rent increases. A majority of the leaseholders can request mediation to dispute a proposed increase that is more than one percent above the one-year change in CPI-Housing as determined by the Department. In 2016, 145 parks increased the lot rent an average of about $10 per month. Out of those, 37 were eligible for mediation and two were challenged. For 2017 the mediation threshold is 3.6%.
Do most mobile home park residents own their home?
91% of mobile homes in parks are owned by leaseholders, and less than 9% are owned by the park owner. This "dual ownership" of owning a mobile home, but renting the lot from the park owner is one reason that the State has adopted laws to balance the rights of the park owner and the resident. In Vermont nearly 80% of all mobile homes are owner-occupied.
Are any mobile home parks owned by the residents?
Eleven Vermont mobile home parks are owned by their residents through cooperative housing corporations; and 47 are owned by nonprofit housing organizations. More than one-third of mobile home lots in parks in Vermont are owned by nonprofits and resident owned cooperatives. Purchase of a park by a nonprofit or resident cooperative may result in lower rent over time, and substantial investments in park improvements.
How many Vermonters live in mobile homes?
In 2015 there were an estimated 18,860 occupied mobile homes in Vermont; including mobile homes on their own land and in mobile home parks. In total, mobile homes equal 7.4% of all occupied housing units in Vermont .About 6,700 mobile homes are located in mobile home parks.