Archaeology in Vermont
Vermont has a remarkably rich and diverse archaeological heritage that spans almost 13,000 years of human history. Sites range from Native American campsites used by Paleo-Indians (the earliest Vermonters), to 12th century Native American farming sites (the earliest known in northern New England), to 19th century farmsteads and industrial sites.
Vermont's archaeological sites are a crucial link with much of our past. Archaeological sites are often the only source of information for the longest part of human history in Vermont. Our archaeological sites can also inform us about past environments, landscape changes, climatic changes, and the ways in which Native people successfully adapted to such changes over millennia.
Vermont Archaeology Month - throughout September!
Digs, walking tours, talks, exhibits, and lots of hands-on fun and learning about Vermont archaeology and history for people of all ages. Over 30 events across the state during September. For a full listing of events, check out the Calendar of Events. Follow us on Facebook.
For information on many common questions you may have about archaeology in Vermont.
See our Curricula & Lesson Plans page for lots of great resources.
As a landowner, you are the best steward of the archaeological sites on your land. Learn more about ways to manage your sites.
We’ve assembled a collection of interesting readings to further stimulate your interest in Vermont archaeology, Vermont’s Abenakis and other Native communities, and early contact and settlement history.
Artifacts and other materials and information recovered from archaeological sites tell the untold stories of nearly 13,000 years of Vermont history, most of it unwritten. The Center is located in Barre at the Vermont History Center.
Learn more about protecting our fragile Native American and early Euro-American unmarked burials.
Learn about ancient Native settlements in the Champlain Valley, Native peoples’ first contacts with Europeans, Vermont’s 18th century French settlements, and more.
Native Americans in Vermont
Vermont's Native history started 12,900 years ago when people called the Paleo-Indians first moved into the land we now call Vermont. Since these earliest occupations nearly 13,000 years ago, Native communities have continually lived in Vermont. Native knowledge, experience, and traditions have deeply influenced many aspects of Vermont's rich history.