Department of Housing & Community Development

Vermont Archaeology

Vermont archaeology has transformed our knowledge of Vermont history, most of it unwritten. Vermont has a remarkably rich and diverse archaeological heritage that spans almost 13,000 years of human history. Sites range from Native American campsites used by Paleo-Indians (the earliest Vermonters), to 12th century Native American farming sites (the earliest known in northern New England), to 19th century farmsteads and industrial sites.

Vermont's archaeological sites are a crucial link with much of our past. Archaeological sites are often the only source of information for the longest part of human history in Vermont. Our archaeological sites can also inform us about past environments, landscape changes, climatic changes, and the ways in which Native people successfully adapted to such changes over millennia.

Vermont Archaeology Month - throughout September!  

Digs, walking tours, talks, exhibits, and lots of hands-on fun and learning about Vermont archaeology and history for people of all ages. Over 30 events across the state during September. For a full listing of events, check out the Calendar of Events. Follow us on Facebook.

Vermont Archaeology Frequently Asked Questions

For information on many common questions you may have about archaeology in Vermont.

For Educators and Homeschoolers

See our Curricula & Lesson Plans page for lots of great resources.

For Landowners

As a landowner, you are the best steward of the archaeological sites on your land. Learn more about ways to manage your sites.

Publications & Readings

We’ve assembled a collection of interesting readings to further stimulate your interest in Vermont archaeology, Vermont’s Abenakis and other Native communities, and early contact and settlement history.

Vermont Archaeology Heritage Center

Visit the Vermont Archaeology Heritage Center to learn about  Vermont's 12,500 years of history, most of it unwritten. Come and visit our terrific exhibits. People of all ages will enjoy them. 

Protecting Unmarked Burials

Learn more about protecting our fragile Native American and early Euro-American unmarked burials.

Lake Champlain Voyages of Discovery

Learn about ancient Native settlements in the Champlain Valley, Native peoples’ first contacts with Europeans, Vermont’s 18th century French settlements, and more.

Native Americans in Vermont

Vermont's Native history started 12,900 years ago when people called the Paleo-Indians first moved into the land we now call Vermont. Since these earliest occupations nearly 13,000 years ago, Native communities have continually lived in Vermont. Native knowledge, experience, and traditions have deeply influenced many aspects of Vermont's rich history.